Dogs are equally sensitive than humans to dehydration and heatstroke . However, they have an added difficulty regulating their body temperature lack the ability of humans to perspire. For this reason, we must be especially careful when climbing grades. We know then some necessary to protect our dogs from heat measures.
How to act when the dog suffers heatstroke
A dog can survive the lack of food, but if it loses more than 12% of water from its body, it may die
Speed is critical in saving the dog’s life whose temperature reaches 43 ° C. You get off body heat as soon as possible and for that, you have to put him in a cool, him wet with cold water, put ice on his head and abdomen and offer water to drink slowly.
In this extreme situation, “the dog can be soaked with alcohol because it evaporates quickly, helps the body temperature falls faster , ” describes Juan Antonio Aguado, air conditioning repair Florence SC.
Prevention against the consequences of heat
To avoid the consequences of heat in our pets, it:
- Not going out to exercise or walking the dog during the hours of more heat.
- Ensure that the dog is always clean and fresh at your disposal, water throughout the year, but not hot. A dog can survive the lack of food, but if you lose more than 12% of water in your body can die. If the dog drinks a lot, even more than usual, nothing happens, because the easily removed. You just have to restrict water if the dog vomits a lot.
- If you notice that the dog is very hot, refresh the body and head with water.
- Air conditioning is also suitable for dogs. If you have chance to have it, the dog will thank you.
- Trim the fur if it is very long, but do not leave too short, since the hair protects the dog both cold and heat. When the animal has a “undercoat” (additional layer of hair), has better protected your skin from inclement weather. This is the case of the Nordic breeds such as Siberian Husky Spitz or, although these dogs suffer badly in the heat, as their morphology and coat are prepared to withstand cold better than heat.
Heatstroke in the car
Most heatstroke in dogs occur in cars. We often think that, for a few minutes with the car in the shade and a half – open window, the dog is not in danger. But nothing further from reality. In just a few minutes, the car becomes a deadly trap for the dog. The vehicle can reach temperatures exceeding 50 ° C in hot weather and the dog suffer in these circumstances a rise in body temperature that will endanger your life.
“Do not serve too many cases every year of dogs suffering heatstroke by high temperatures, but when we receive them, are animals that arrive in critical condition or do not survive,” says Manuel Lazaro, veterinarian Mirasierra Clinic in Madrid.
Symptoms of heat stroke in dogs
The dog reaches a body temperature between 42 ° C and 43 ° C enters a critical phase difficult to overcome. Symptoms that may alert the dog has a too high body temperature are dizziness, feeling that the dog is sick, breathing hard, pants, can not walk, loses balance, tachycardia, elevated temperature, congested mucous membranes, vomiting , diarrhea and, sometimes, shock or unconsciousness. Once the dog enters this dangerous phase, we must act quickly because if we wait to get to the vet may be late. We must try to stabilize him before going to the query.
Dogs most at risk at high temperatures
Dogs that are flat , as the French Bulldog, the Boxer or Pekinese and animals suffering from overweight and obesity or cardiac or respiratory failure , are particularly susceptible to heat stroke. This is because they lack proper cooling capacity, making it easier to reach more than 42 ° C.
Under normal conditions, the body temperature of the dogs between 39C and 38C
Puppies (before year old) and very old dogs are also groups susceptible to heatstroke and other health complications due to high temperatures. Puppies have an immature immune system and its cooling capacity is not 100%, as in the case of an adult dog. The very old dogs (from 11 years) can not maintain adequate body temperature as easily as young dog. Be especially careful with them when they start high temperatures.
Difficulties to remove heat
The first heat waves are a prelude to the high temperatures that summer holds. When you start, it’s time to take action to protect our dogs from the heat. These animals do not have the same facility for cooling humans because, says Juan Antonio Aguado, ” they lack sweat glands to remove heat through sweat and only they can do it through breathing and panting.”
Under normal conditions, dogs have a body temperature between 38 ° C and 39 ° C, so “have little room when your temperature rises and can quickly reach 41 ° C or 42 ° C, a point where they reach the heatstroke and can die” , explains Juan Antonio Aguado.